The roots of the drought: Hydrology and water uptake strategies mediate forest-wide demographic response to precipitation

An inter-disciplinary team at Bengaluru’s Indian Institute of Science (IISc) studied how different tree species partition underground water resources up to 30m depth and co-existing tree species diverge in water uptake depths (M-TROPICS/BVET). Deep rooted trees turn to be more vulnerable to severe droughts than shallow rooted species : climate… Continue Reading

Processes controlling silicon isotopic fractionation in a forested tropical watershed: Mule Hole Critical Zone Observatory (Southern India)

The analyses of silicon isotopes in soil, water and plant compartments of the Mule Hole forested watershed (M-TROPICS/BVET) reveal that vegetation takes up twice more silica than first estimates using elemental mass balance. This flux is 30 times higher than the solute silica flux exported by the stream, itself resulting… Continue Reading

Linking crop structure, throughfall, soil surface conditions, runoff and soil detachment: 10 land uses analyzed in Northern Laos

In montane Southeast Asia, deforestation and unsuitable combinations of crops and agricultural practices degrade soils at an unprecedented rate. Typically, smallholder farmers gain income from “available” land by replacing fallow or secondary forest by perennial crops. The aim of this study (M-TROPICS/MSEC) was to understand how these practices increase or… Continue Reading

REY-Th-U solute dynamics in the critical zone

Combined influence of chemical weathering, atmospheric deposit leaching, and vegetation cycling (Mule Hole watershed, South India): the source and proportion of REY, Th, and U exported by groundwater and by the ephemeral stream along with the elemental proportions passing through vegetation have been assessed in the subhumid tropical forested CZO… Continue Reading